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There are 2 ways you can permanently delete files from your Windows (10, 8, 7) computer. One is to delete the files and remove them from the recycle bin, and the other way is to permanently delete files from your computer using a third party shredder software.

Deleting a file in Windows is different from what you think.

If you delete a file from your computer and even you empty the recycle bin, the file will not be deleted permanently. Instead, the file’s address or its cluster location will only be deleted and until new data is replaced in that cluster, your file will remain there.

This is the reason why you need to remove the file from its cluster by replacing new data in order to prevent the file from recovering. Mainly, this is where the second method comes in.

Still, it is up to you to decide whether you want to delete files from the recycle bin or delete files permanently from the storage drive (Hard disk/SSD/Nvme or USB). If you already have some files that are very personal to you, then it is better to remove them permanently from your computer.

To make it easier, this article will explain to you both ways. Let us start with how to delete files permanently using a third party software.

How to delete files permanently using a third party software

There are plenty of software out there that you can use to completely erase files. While some of these are not free to use, there are also some free software that can do the job you want without the need to pay for it. Eraser is one of those software that is free to use without any restrictions; what’s best is that the developers are kind enough to update the software frequently.

How to use Eraser to remove files permanently

As the first step, download Eraser from here and install (download the latest version). After that, proceed to the following instructions to permanently remove whatever you want from your computer.

You can delete files for good with the use of Eraser in two different ways. First is by deleting files using its windows and the other one is deleting files by right clicking on them. Let’s get to know its easy way.

Method 01: Delete files permanently by right clicking on each file

You don’t need to open eraser each and every time to remove files completely. Instead, you can just delete the file or folder you want just by right clicking on it.

You can even erase files in the recycle bin this way. What you need to do is just to right click on the file that you want to delete and select Eraser > and then Erase.

Method 02: Delete files permanently by Eraser’s Task option

To delete files using Eraser’s Window, you have to open Eraser application from the desktop icon or use the search option in Windows.

Then, Press CTRL + N or select new task from the Erase schedule.

Eraser is so useful that it can even delete files based on how you scheduled it. Let’s say there is something you store on your computer and you want to delete it in 2 days. You can simply schedule the date when you want the file to be deleted so even you forget about it, Eraser will do the job for you.

But in the image below, I will select Run immediately. Once you select a specific method, click Add Data.

Here, you can select which data you want to delete permanently. From the Target type, choose whether you want to delete files or files inside a folder; you can also select files inside the Recycle Bin. Once you selected the target, choose the files or folder you want to delete using the browse button, then click OK. If you selected the Files in Folder option, you can keep the folder after you delete the files by unchecking the Delete the folder if empty option.

Keep the erase method as default (best method) or you can set it to US Department of Defense DoD 5220.22-M(ECE), Canadian RCMP TSSIT OPS-II, German VSITR or Schneider’s Algorithm, which are the other best erasing methods that can make the file unrecoverable. Read more

After selecting everything, click on Ok button twice to begin the process of erasing the files permanently from your computer.

If you get any error or you need to know more about how to use the Eraser software, leave a comment below so that I can provide assistance.

How to delete files from the Recycle Bin

We all know that by default, if we delete a file or a folder, it automatically moves to the Recycle Bin. And of course, if you want it gone, you have to delete it from the Recycle Bin too. That is how Windows prevents the file deletion from cases of accidental deletions. Thus, if you want to delete files completely without moving them to Recycle Bin by just one click or button, there are 3 ways:

  1. Disable the Recycle Bin
  2. Use a shortcut to delete files without moving them to recycle bin (Shift + Delete)
  3. Use CMD to delete files (even undeletable files)

How to use a shortcut to remove files completely

You can easily delete files from your computer without moving them to Recycle Bin. What you need to do is to select the file and press Shift + Delete buttons on your keyboard. After that, click Yes on the confirmation window. Easy, right?

How to disable the Recycle Bin

It is not recommended to disable the Recycle Bin because if you delete something accidently, you cannot retrieve it file without using a recovery software, and even the chances are low that you can actually recover the file. But, if you really want to get rid of the Recycle Bin, then follow the steps below:

Go to the Recycle Bin properties by right click on it.

Select “Don’t move files to the recycle bin. Remove files immediately when deleted” option as shown in image.

Still, I recommend to keep the “Display confirmation dialog” option so you can check if you got the correct file before deleting it.

How to delete undeletable files using Command Prompt

You will definitely find this very useful when you happen to delete some file and if it doesn’t work, in case something like in the image happens, open the Command Prompt in administrator mode and execute the command as given below.

DEL /F /Q Filepath

Copy the code and paste it on the Command Prompt, and then replace the “filepath” with the file’s path you want to delete. After that, press enter to execute the code and delete the file.

Take a screenshot or copy what you got. You will need this in the future.

If you have any questions regarding this article, feel free to leave a comment. I am always here to help you.

In case you delete any important files accidently, check this out!

How to Recover Deleted Files in Windows 10 – Free

To end the nightmare of forgetting passwords, there are only two ways: the first one is to create strong passwords that you can remember and make it different for each and every account you create, and the other way is to use a reliable password manager so it will remember the passwords for you.

Since the both methods work best, I will explain both in this article. I will first start with creating, strong memorable passwords.

How to create strong passwords you can remember

In this technique, we use our personal information that are only unique to us to create strong, memorable passwords. The best thing about this technique is that you can create infinite passwords for every account you have without the need to worry remembering each and every password! Take a piece of paper with you and let us begin with the first step.

#1 Pick personal information that are only unique to you

Everyone in this world has things that are only unique to them. Such as:

  • Birthdays;
  • ID card numbers;
  • Working company;
  • Address of the apartment;
  • Favorite song;
  • School ID;
  • Exam ID, and
  • Even the best day in their life.

So, what you need to do is to pick 1 word (not too short) and 1 number sequence (not too long) that are unique to you. But, you need to be aware about things that can be common to other people.

Example, consider your identity card number. Your ID card number is not the same as someone else’s ID card number, and their ID card number is not the same as yours or vice versa.

However, if you take your name, it can be someone else’s name too. People around you also know what your name is so you have to avoid including it alone for your passwords.

To make things clear, in this step, what you actually need to do is to pick numbers and a word very unique to you. It can be a date, ID number, an item, or a even a situation. The most important thing is to choose unique information that you can remember even in the future.

#2 What is the website where you can create passwords

This is what will help you create many passwords. Also, this is what makes it more distinguishable from other passwords you will create in future. See the example below:

Let’s say that you want to create a strong password for your Facebook account. Since it is for Facebook, you can take only a part of the name “Facebook” and use it at the beginning, middle, or at the end of your password. The word “Facebook” is easy to guess, hence you can split it into letters and take the:

  • First 1,3,5, letters
  • First 2,4,6 letters
  • First and last letter or
  • Any other way you like

Next, you add the selected letters to your password according to a certain pattern.

Example: fcbopassword, passwordfcbopassword, passwordfcbo, pafsscwobrdo

In addition to this, you can make the password even stronger by making some of the letters capital; you can use your own capitalization technique for that. It is up to you to keep all these things in mind.

#3 Pick your favorite symbol

Symbols play a huge role in creating a strong password. Even more, some websites and apps won’t let you to use a password that has no symbols. It only emphasizes how essential it is to add one or more symbols to your password to make it more secure.

What I can recommend is to use symbols that are rarely used because it will make the password even harder to break. You can pick more than 2 symbols that you can remember easily to increase your password strength. Here are some samples:

  • ~
  • ^
  • |
  • `
  • =
  • <
  • >

#4 Use emojis that are made of symbols (optional)

Emojis are easy to remember. You need at least 2 symbols to make an emoji. It is a good practice if you can use an emoji to create strong passwords.

Here are a few emojis that you can use:

Two symbol emojis:

  • 🙂
  • 🙁
  • 😀
  • 😉
  • :\
  • 😐

Three symbol emojis:

  • :-{
  • 😉
  • ;-D
  • (^^^)
  • 3:)
  • >:(

Nonetheless, this is just an option that you may want to use. Keep in mind that the most important thing here is to come up with strong passwords that you can actually remember and not strong passwords that you cannot recall at all.

#5 Combine all the details you gathered to create strong passwords that you can remember

Now it is time to start creating strong, unique, memorable passwords. Here is the formula that you need:

  1. Take 1 most unique word to you;
  2. Take 1 most unique number sequence to you;
  3. Take the website or app name as described above;
  4. pick one or more symbols (or emojis);
  5. Combine them in a proper manner so you can remember it even in future; and
  6. Write down hints to remember it easily in case you forgot it.

Here is an example password that I created using the formula:

  • Most unique word I can remember: lEo pOiD bLoOm (I used my own capitulation technique)
  • Most unique numbers I can remember: 9163 7265
  • My favorite symbol: ~
  • My favorite emoji: 😉

My example password for Facebook:

My example password for Instagram:

My example password for Google:

See how I used one single password to create many passwords? At first, it may seem difficult but once you create the password from your information, you will see how secure and easy it is.

What I used here was an easy and convenient method for me. But, you can use your own unique method to create a strong password that you can remember.

If you did not use the password for a while, you can forget the way it was created. In this instance, you can write down the hints to remember the password and keep it in your room or workplace. Since they are only hints, they won’t cause you any problem.

Avoid these silly mistakes when creating passwords

Before creating passwords, you need to avoid these mistakes because every mistake you make may cause your account/s to potential attacks such as Bruteforce attacks and Dictionary attacks which I have explained at the bottom of this article.

Here is a list of common mistakes that you need to avoid:

  • Using common words and number sequences (ex: password, 1234, abcd, 1111, incorrect);
  • Your birthday, name, family member names alone;
  • Passwords that are below 8 characters;
  • Passwords that only contains numbers;
  • Passwords that only contains letters; and
  • Easy to guess passwords (hackifyoucan, thisisforfacebook,)

How to measure your password strength

In case you want to measure the strength of the password you created, here are two ways to help you:

  1. Using a tool
  2. Manually checking password

I personally do not recommend any tool for this because the person or company that created it can save whatever you type in their tool. But, you can use Kaspersky Password Checker to test your password strength.

How to measure password strength using Kaspersky Password Checker

It is simple. Here are the list of things that you need to do:

  1. Go to Kaspersky Password Checker
  2. Type your password in the box and it will automatically show the strength of the password that you have entered
Kaspersky Password checker

If the result shows up like this, then your password is strong enough to deal with Bruteforce attacks. If Kaspersky password checker indicate that your password is not strong enough, go below and check what is wrong with your password.

How to manually check the password strength

To check if your password is weak, first you need to know what makes a password stronger. Here is the checklist:

  • A password should have at least 8 characters
  • Passwords should contain numbers, letters, and symbols
  • Passwords should contain mix of capital letters and simple letters
  • Passwords must not contain any common words (example: password, passcode, incorrect)

If your password does not comply with the above checklist, you have to adjust them in order to make your password stronger. After that, check again your adjusted password through Kaspersky Password Checker.

How to use a password manager to manage your passwords

LastPass Password Manager

For those who do not like to remember a lot of passwords and like to use one password to access all of their accounts, you can do it using a password manager.

Using a password manager can help you create numerous number of passwords and save them inside it. Then, you have to give it the name “Master Password” in the password manager and lock all the passwords you have created.

With this, you only need to remember only one password and password manager will keep all the passwords for you. However, here are some pros and cons:

Pros:

  • Only need one password to manage all the passwords
  • Easy to use
  • Can save password on cloud
  • Can create many passwords

Cons:

  • Not for free (most of them)
  • Since the passwords are saved on a cloud server, data breach can leak all the passwords

How to use LastPass Password Manager

LastPass Password Manager is one of the bests in the market. You can download and use its premium features free for a limited time (30 days) as a trial period. After trial ends, it will automatically convert your account to a free account, and even after that, you can use the LastPass manager for lifetime with limited features. (checkout the feature comparison here)

Create an account

To use LastPass Password manager, first you need to create an account. Go to the link to create an account for free. Remember to enter a memorable password.

Download and install LastPass Password Manager

Once you created your account, it will automatically redirect you to install the browser extension of LastPass Password manager. If you don’t like to have an extension in your browser, you can download the desktop version of LastPass Password Manager from here.

Open LastPass Password Manager

After you install the manager, open it. I have installed the extension because it is easy to use. Once you open the application, you can have an access to your password wallet from there.

Create passwords for websites/apps

Since you have no passwords yet, your wallet will look like this. To add a password, click on the Add Item button as shown in the image above.

After that, as shown in the image, in the url box, type the website or app name. If the website is a well-known one, LastPass will automatically fill the URL for you. After completing the details, don’t forget to check “Require Master Password Reprompt“. It will prevent automatically filling passwords without requiring the master password. You can also choose Autologin if necessary.

After filling out the required details, click the save button to save your password.

How LastPass Password Manager works?

To demonstrate, I will show you a quick example for Facebook login. I have already created a password for Facebook and now I am going to log in to my account.

When I go to the login page, there is a small icon that appeared on the detail box. So, once I click on that, LastPass will instantly ask me to fill the passwords automatically.

Since I have selected master password Reprompt in the settings when I create the password, LastPass is asking me the master password to auto fill the email and password for Facebook. This is how it can save you from a password leak when someone use your computer.

How can your passwords be hacked

Mainly there are 3 types of attacks that hackers use to hack your account. Here they are:

  • Bruteforce Attack
  • Dictionary Attack
  • Credential Recycling

Bruteforce Attack

In Bruteforce attack, hackers use every possible combinations for username and password to hack into your account. Even if you use a combination of upper case and lower case letters, special characters, but your password is too short and it has only 6 or 8 characters, Bruteforce attack can crack an average strength password in less than 2 hours.

Dictionary Attack

Dictionary attack is a narrowed down attack of Bruteforce attack. It uses every word in a dictionary as a password. This is why nobody recommends to use common words to create passwords for accounts.

Credential Recycling

Once hackers have your user name and a password of an account, they try that user name and password in every account you have. So, if you have 2 or more accounts which have the same username and password, then the attackers will login to every account you have. This is what Credential Recycling in simple words.

How to increase the security of your accounts

Now, I think you have a clear idea about how your passwords can be hacked; this is why it is so important to increase the security of your accounts. One of the best ways to do that is to enable 2 factor authentication (2FA).

By enabling 2 Factor Authentication, a security PIN will be sent as a message to your mobile phone when you login to your account. In short, you need to enter that security PIN in order to login.

Another way of enabling 2 Factor Authentication is to install an authenticator app like google authenticator. The procedure is the same; you have to enter the code in the authenticator app when you login to your account

There are many companies like Facebook, Google, Pinterest that allow you to enable 2 Factor Authentication in your accounts. Just go to your account settings and enable 2FA. If you need any guidance to enable 2FA, feel free to leave a commend below or send a message through our contact us form.

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How to Recover Deleted Files in Windows 10 – Free