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When your Windows 10 system crashes, the operating system generates a crash/error report immediately. This includes the error with a code and can be very useful to troubleshoot the system.

Usually when you take your computer to a repair shop, they access these crash logs and analyze it to fix your system.

So why taking your PC or Laptop to a repair shop every time of system crash when you can access these crash logs and fix the system on your own?

Sounds good right? In this guide, I will tell you how to access and check Windows 10 crash logs, understand them, and finally fix if there is any issue.

I promise that this won’t be overwhelming. I will show you with some examples so you will understand how exactly you can do this. Let’s get started!

Step 01 – Access Windows 10 Crash logs

There are 2 different tools in Windows 10 that you can use to check crash logs

  • Windows Event viewer
  • Reliability Monitor

Since we can use both tools for one job, I will show you the easiest tool you can use to check Windows 10 crash logs.

So in this guide, we are going to use Windows Reliability Monitor tool to check for errors and troubleshoot our system. First let’s see how to access the Reliability history.

How to Access Windows 10 Reliability Monitor to check crash logs

First log in to Windows 10 in administrative account, then:

  1. Type Reliability history in Windows search (search bar on the taskbar)
Windows search
Windows search
  1. Click on the first result
Reliability monitor in Windows 10
Reliability and problem history in Windows 10

That is it! Now you have opened Reliability history so the next step is analyzing the crash log files to find any critical error.

Step 02 – Analyze crash log files

Now it is time for analyzing. First let’s understand Reliability monitor window.

By default, Reliability monitor shows data by days, which means every column represents a day.

Reliability monitor - view by day
Reliability Monitor – View by days

But if you select Weeks, then every column will represent a week. So if you wanna see historical data, you can select weeks.

But if you want to see a problem that has occurred recently, then choose Days.

How to read and understand crash logs

It is not so hard to read and understand the crash logs in Reliability Monitor. For an example, I will click on the latest date column.

When I clicked on the latest column (2022-01-15 date), reliability details appear.

Reliability monitor - events
Critical events and Informational events

As you can see, Reliability monitor indexes both software and hardware events happened on your system. This can be an Informational event (Change in software/hardware or an update – marked in blue) or a Critical event (An error – marked in red).

These are the information that I am interested in. As you can see, there are 3 Critical events and 1 Informational event has happened during that day;

Furthermore, If you look at the column, you can see that it is divided into little boxes and these little boxes indicate what category the failure belongs to. In my case, those are application failures.

Reliability monitor - failure types
Failure types

Now let’s analyze each of these failures;

Critical Events:

Reliability monitor - critical events
Critical events
  • Realtek HD Audio Universal Service – Stopped working

During that day, Realtek HD Audio Service has stopped 2 times, which means there is a problem in Realtek Audio service.

Now let’s see additional information about this event, I can simply get these information by clicking the “View technical details” of the event.

Technical details of the critical event
Technical details

Now I have a full detailed report of this crash event, so what can I do with these information?

Step 03 – Fixing errors using the crash report information

Up to now we did check Windows 10 crash logs and analyze them. Now it is time to fix errors.

There can be a hundreds of different critical events in Windows 10 operating system. That means there are also many different solutions for each.

Since each system has different problems, giving a general solution is impossible.

But we have Google!

How to use Google to find solutions and fix the errors

As said earlier, we can use Google search engine to find solutions for these issues, let’s see how to do that:

  • Head over to Google
  • Type the error message that is in Reliability Monitor. Then hit Enter
Using Google to find solutions
Google

You may find a lot of articles and guides out there that can help you to fix the issue. Don’t forget to check out videos page as well!

What if there is no search results on Google?

If you found nothing on google, there are still few options you have:

  1. Ask for help on Microsoft community, Quora or Reddit
  2. Contacting Microsoft support
  3. Contacting your device’s manufacturer support

How to ask a question in Microsoft Community

Microsoft community
Microsoft Community

Even if you could not find any solution for an error on Google, Microsoft Community is the second and most reliable way to get a solution. There are hundreds of contributors in Microsoft community so you will always get an answer

Let’s see how you can use Microsoft community to get a help:

  1. Head over to Microsoft community – Windows section
  2. On the top menu, click the “Ask a question
Microsoft community - ask a question
Ask a question
  1. Sign into an account, if you don’t have an account, create one first
Microsoft sign in
Sign in
  1. Once logged in, you will be redirected to Ask question page, type your question with details
Writing the question
Writing the question - 2
  1. Don’t forget to attach a screenshot of Reliability Monitor crash log
Attaching a screenshot to the question
Attach Screenshots
  1. When you finished writing your question, check the box and click the Submit button

It can take some time to get a solution and you will be notified by email once someone responds to your question.

How to contact Microsoft Support

Attaching a screenshot to the question
image from Job vector created by freepik – www.freepik.com” target=”_blank” rel=”noreferrer noopener nofollow”>FreePik

The second method is contacting Microsoft support agent. In this way you can get an answer directly from a technical agent. To contact Microsoft support:

  1. Go to Microsoft’s support page
  2. Type the error you are getting on Reliability Monitor and hit Enter
Microsoft support page
Microsoft support
  1. You will see if there is any article related to your error, open the article in new tab
  2. If the article doesn’t help, go back to the first tab and click the Contact Support button
Contacting support
  1. Now you will be asked to select the type of your issue, choose the right category and click the Confirm button
Selecting type of problem
  1. Then you can choose Chat with the support agent in your browser option to get help from an agent
Chat with a support agent

New tab will be opened and you will be connected with a support agent, now you can chat with the agent about the issue and get help.

How to get Manufacturer support

My Asus app - customer support
My Asus app

If you are using a laptop, your laptop should be comes with a support app that can help you to solve issues when using it.

You can use that app to contact with a support agent. Don’t forget to send a screenshot of Reliability Monitor crash logs so it will be easier to get help.

Hope you now can check Windows 10 crash logs and know how to fix them. If you have any question regarding this article, leave a comment below.

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BitLocker not showing in Windows 10 control panel

To protect your files from unauthorized access or when your device is stolen or misplaced, you might wanted to turn on BitLocker encryption in Windows 10. But when you go to control panel or Settings, there is no BitLocker encryption. Right?

In this guide we will show you how you can solve BitLocker not showing in Windows 10 Home. But before getting that, there is one thing that you need to know, which explained below.

Why BitLocker not showing in Windows 10 Home?

If you are using Windows 10 Home edition, then unfortunately you won’t be able to use BitLocker. Because it is not available in Windows 10 Home edition. Instead, there is a similar tool called “Device Encryption” that is available in supported devices which you can use as BitLocker encryption tool.

However, Device encryption is not 100% same as BitLocker encryption. You have no options to configure it and no way to require reboot-authentication. And Device encryption is rely on TPM chip. That is why I said it is only available on supported devices.

So what if you are not using a supported device for Device encryption? Well the most convenient option I see is upgrading your Windows 10 Home to Pro edition. Or using a third-party encryption tool like McAfee Complete Data Protection

Is there a way to upgrade Windows 10 Home to Pro for free?

Upgrading from Windows 10 Home to Pro can cost about 100 USD. So it can be a big deal if you are going to upgrade it just for the BitLocker feature. So you might be thinking if there is a way to get an upgrade for free right?

You can upgrade Windows 10 Home to Pro for free only if your Windows 10 digital license includes both Windows 10 Home and Pro. To upgrade, use this generic key as follows:

“VK7JG-NPHTM-C97JM-9MPGT-3V66T”

  1. Go to Settings and then Update & Security
Windows Settings
  1. From the left side, Click on Activation
Windows 10 Activation
  1. In Activation, Click the Change Product Key option
Change product key
  1. Enter the key above and click Next
Enter product key

As I said, this key is generic and used to change the edition from Windows 10 Home to Pro. If this does not work you will have purchase the upgrade from Microsoft store or if your device supports, you can use Device encryption.

Device Encryption – BitLocker alternative in Windows 10 Home

Device encryption in Windows 10 Home

Now you know that Windows 10 Home comes with Device encryption, not BitLocker. And it is almost same as BitLocker encryption (with some exceptions as mentioned before).

Now you might want to enable Device Encryption and encrypt your personal files. So let’s see how to do that.

How to enable Device encryption in Windows 10 Home

In Windows 10 Home, Device encryption is not turned on by default, so first you have to enable it manually.

After you turn on Device encryption, you have to sign into a Microsoft account to complete the encryption. So if you don’t have a Microsoft account now, you have to create one in the process of turning on Device encryption.

Here is how to enable Device encryption in Windows 10 Home:

  1. Go to Settings and then Update & Security
Windows settings
  1. From the left side of the window, go to Device encryption
Device encryption location
  1. Click turn on Device encryption
Turning on Device encryption
  1. Now Device encryption will start encrypting files. It will take some time
Device encryption is on
  1. After it completes, you will be asked to sign into a Microsoft account to complete the encryption click the sign in option
  2. If you don’t have a Microsoft account you can create one in the sign in process

Now your data will be protected by Device encryption. You can turn it off whenever you want by simply clicking the Turn off button.

Why you need a Microsoft account to turn on Device encryption

Why you need a Microsoft account to turn on Device encryption

Unlike BitLocker encryption, Device encryption doesn’t create or require a key for encrypting, decrypting. It is because the key is saved in your Microsoft account.

So whenever you want to decrypt your files, all you need is your Microsoft account. That is why you need to signed into a Microsoft account to use Device encryption.

Conclusion

Now I hope you have solved BitLocker not showing in Windows 10. If you have any questions or need a help, leave a comment below.

Reference: Device encryption – Microsoft Official page

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These settings are being managed by vendor application

You went to turn on Windows firewall/Security but you get “these setting are being managed by vendor application…..” error message.

If this is the issue you are having right now, don’t worry. We have got you!

In this guide I will show you how to fix that annoying message “these settings are being managed by vendor application” in Windows 11/10 or 8.

Why do I get “These settings are being managed by vendor application” Message?

As I said at the beginning of this guide, We saw bunch of users on forums complaining that they get this message when they try to turn on Windows firewall or Windows security (known as defender before).

So we did some check in to see why this error coming up.

The main reason for this error is having another antivirus/firewall software installed on the same computer.

Since Windows firewall and Windows security software are preinstalled with Windows, the third party firewall/antivirus software turn them off to avoid software conflicts.

You can see which firewall/antivirus software cause the issue by seeing the message (see the image below).

Antivirus software causing the error message

How can I get rid of “These settings are being managed by vendor application” message?

To get rid of this message and enable Windows firewall and security again, you have to turn off or uninstall that third party firewall/antivirus software causing the issue.

It is up to you to decide whether you turn off or uninstall it. I will show you both ways.

Solution 01 – Disable/turn off any third-party antivirus software installed on your computer

Turning off antivirus software can be vary and relatively easy depend on the software you have installed on your computer.

Therefore, I have listed how to turn off most common antivirus software below. Find one that you have on your system and follow the steps to turn it off.

How to turn off MacAfee Antivirus

McAfee Antivirus logo
  1. Open MacAfee antivirus using the taskbar icon on the right side or using windows search (type MacAfee on search bar)
  2. Click the PC tile then firewall
  3. Turn off firewall

Now you will be able to turn on Windows firewall, but to enable Windows security or defender, you will have to turn off antivirus feature as well like did for the firewall before.

If you found it difficult to turn off MacAfee antivirus, follow this video or this official article for help.

How to turn off Norton Antivirus

Norton Antivirus logo

You can easily turn off Norton antivirus by simply right clicking on the icon on taskbar. Here is how to do that:

  1. In the notification area right click on the Norton antivirus icon
  2. Then click on disable firewall
  3. after disable firewall disable auto protect as well (If you wanna turn on Windows security/Defender)

For help: https://support.norton.com/sp/en/us/home/current/solutions/v116457581

How to turn off Kaspersky Security

Kaspersky Antivirus logo
  1. On the right side of the taskbar click on Kaspersky security icon
  2. Select Turn protection off

For help: https://support.kaspersky.com/KIS4Mac/16.0/en.lproj/pgs/58285.htm

Note: If your antivirus software is not listed here please refer to the product’s website (Or simply google).

Usually there is an icon on the right side of the taskbar. You will be able to turn off the antivirus/firewall from there.

Solution 02: Uninstall any third-party antivirus software installed on your computer

If turning off antivirus did not work or you want to get rid of third party antivirus, you can uninstall any antivirus software installed on your computer to get rid of “These settings are being managed by vendor application” message and turn Windows firewall/security back on.

It is easy to uninstall antivirus software, just follow these steps below:

  1. Go to settings and then Apps
Windows settings
  1. Scroll down and find the 3rd party antivirus software then click on it
  2. Uninstall button will be visible and then click on it
Uninstalling antivirus
  1. Complete the uninstallation, then restart your computer
  2. Go back and turn on Windows firewall/Security again.

Final thoughts: Do you need 3rd party antivirus/firewall software?

If you are using Windows 10 or 11 computer, both are comes with powerful antivirus/firewall software which is called Windows Security.

If you are not doing heavy internet browsing such as downloading torrents, cracked software, you will be fine with it.

But if you need extra protection and other features such as parent controls, advanced firewall security, then you can purchase a third-party antivirus software and use.

The important thing to know that is usually any third-party antivirus software use significant amount of memory (RAM) and CPU power.

What I recommend is that don’t install any third-party antivirus software if you don’t have at least 6GB of RAM installed on your PC.

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Recently a lot of user have reported in forums and comment sections that they are encountering 0xc1900101 error when installing windows 11 from Microsoft windows 11 installation assistant while some users have encountered the same when running regular windows 11 update.

The other similar errors are:

  • 0xC1900101 – 0x2000c
  • 0xC1900101 – 0x3000D
  • 0xC1900101 – 0x30018
  • 0xC1900101 – 0x40017
  • 0xC1900101 – 0x4000D
  • 0xC1900101 – 0x20017

So, we have made this quick and easy guide to solve the 0xc1900101 issue, the following steps will help you to resolve the error. Keep scrolling…

Why Am I Getting 0xc1900101 Error…?

Rather than just fixing the issue from below, we believe it is always good if you know the possible causes for this issue. It will help you to understand more how windows operating system works and also, you will be able to avoid the same issue occurring in future.

Here are the possible causes that we found for the error code 0xc1900101 (and others mentioned above) when installing/upgrading to/update windows 11.

  1. Outdated Drivers

The first and one of main reason we found is the outdated drivers. If you are using old school drivers that have never updated, then it might be the issue.

  1. Outdated Bios

If your computer’s bios firmware is not updated, it can trigger the 0xc1900101 error. Because latest operating systems like windows 11 needs latest bios firmware to be installed on machines.

  1. Software/Hardware conflicts

Hardware conflicts are the most issue we found when looking up for this issue
for example, if you are using two separate ssd drives, then this error might trigger due to hardware conflicts

  1. Antivirus software installed on your computer

Antivirus or protection software like Avast, McAfee can sabotage updating process sometimes. So, it can lead to errors like 0xc1900101 that you encounter.

How to fix 0xc1900101 error when installing/updating Windows 11

I hope that now you know why this error occur. Now it is time to fix it. In order to do that, we have listed solutions below. What you need to do that is going through all of them and run the update/install again to see if the problem is solved.

NOTE: before updating your device’s bios firmware or driver software, we strongly recommend creating a restore point in case if anything goes wrong. (Click here to see how to do that). If you still don’t know what is a system restore point, we also have an quick read article about it, click here to read.

01 – Ensure there is a sufficient storage available in your system

Before going any further, check whether you have enough space in your system’s storage. if not, doing whatever won’t stop the error code 0xc1900101 occurring again.

Enough space means at least 20GB free space in your main (Windows 11 installed) drive. If not try delete some unwanted files to free up some space.

02 – Unplug peripherals and other physically connected devices

Windows upgrade won’t work if there is unsupported devices are connected, therefore, try removing any peripherals and other devices such as flash drives/memory cards from your PC.

03 – Remove extra SSD/HDD drives

Some users have reported that removing extra SSD drives have fixed the 0xc1900101 error and successfully installed windows 11. So, if there is any extra storage device in your system, try removing them until the upgrade/install finished. Then you can re connect the devices to PC and work without any issue.

link to the resource: Microsoft Windows forum

04 – Update device driver software

This works best with laptop users, although even you are using a desktop, updating the drivers can resolve the issue.

  1. Go to your device’s (laptop/motherboard/pci e card) manufacturer website and download the latest drivers available.
  2. Install them and restart your PC
  3. Re run the update/install

If the update/install failed again, then try the below steps to fix the issue.

05 – Uninstall/Disable third party antivirus software

Antivirus software can terminate the upgrade process, therefore disable or uninstall if there is any third party antivirus software installed, you can turn it on or re install after the install complete.

Steps you need to take in order to disable the virus guard may vary depending on the software you use. But if you want to uninstall it:

  1. Go to settings and then Apps
  2. Find the software and click on it, the uninstall option will appear and then click the uninstall button.

06 – Disable Realtek Drivers

This image does not contain any Realtek driver, though this is how you can disable it.

Sometimes, Realtek drivers can also be a cause to the 0xc1900101 error. Realtek drivers are responsible for network, sound and Bluetooth hardware, you can disable them manually until the upgrade completed, then you can enable them back and it will be fine. To do that:

  1. Go to device manager, use Windows search if you don’t know where to find it.
  2. Once opened, select network adapters and check if there is any Realtek adapter in your PC.
  3. Right click on it and select Disable device option.
  4. Then go to the other adapters such as Bluetooth and do the same.
  5. Restart the PC

Now you can run the Windows 11 installation assistant to check whether the 0xc1900101 error is gone. If it still giving you the same problem, don’t worry. You can try the other options given below.

07 – Fix hard drive errors

Even you have enough space in your hard drive, corrupted file system or hard drive errors can trigger the 0xc1900101 error. To check and fix your hard drive follow these steps. You won’t need any third-party software to do this.

  1. Open CMD in administrator
  2. Type chkdsk/f C: and hit the enter button to run the disk check. After complete, restart your PC.

08 – Repair system files

If certain system files are damaged or corrupted, there is an option you have to take in order to repair those files. You can accomplish by using CMD. Here is how:

  1. Open command prompt as administrator
  2. Type “Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth
  3. Press the Enter button

The Last option – Clean installing Windows 11

If none of the mentioned methods worked, the best option is installing Windows 11 using the Windows 11 ISO file or from an installation media. This is also applicable even you want to just update windows 11 to the latest version. Because Microsoft update the ISO file/Installation media files whenever there is an update is released.

To do that, first make sure to backup all your files in C drive, if you want to format other drives, then take a backup of them as well.

Then you will need a flash drive to download all the necessary files and install windows 11 from it.

If you don’t know how to do that, then don’t worry, Follow the link here to a video where it shows how to do that.

If you have any questions please ask them using the comment section. Have a nice day!

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Updates play an important role in an Operating system. In Windows 10, the system updates itself automatically without any user (you) interaction. Sometimes this can be bothersome to you especially when turning off your computer.

Not only that, this can cost a lot of data if you are using a mobile data connection. So maybe that is why you are here, to disable/stop automatic updates permanently in Windows 10

In this guide, I will show you how to do that. It is easy. But there are some important things you need to know:

  • To keep your PC/ Laptop secure from malware and other attacks, installing updates are essential
  • Updates can increase your PC’s performance. So why not updating your OS?
  • Updates bring new features, fix various bugs that can bother you while working on the computer
  • In short, updates are essential for any Operating system to work properly.

Even though the article is about to turn off automatic updates in Windows 10 *permanently, I do not recommend keeping older Windows 10 OS without updates because of the security of your data. So keep that in mind and go below to know how to stop auto updates permanently in Windows 10.

There can be a thousand methods to turn off automatic updates, a lot of them just work temporarily and updates will be turned on again after a while.

But these solutions will work perfectly on your computer and all you have to do is just follow the steps below. Keep scrolling!

01 – Set your connection to a metered connection

This trick is really easy to do and worked well for all of my PCs. It will set your connection as a metered (limited data usage) connection, so you can set a data limit and when the limit is reached, Windows will stop updating automatically.

The best thing about this trick is that this will turn off the updates permanently! But as I said earlier, keep in mind to turn off this update your computer at least once a month to keep your computer secure and work without any bugs.

Here is how to do this:

  1. Head over to connections, Right-click on the connection you use, click the Properties button.
Connection properties
  1. It will take you to the connection settings, from there you can turn on metered connection.
Turn on metered connection

Now, you have to set a data limit. To do that, while connected to the wifi or ethernet connection;

  1. Go to Settings and then Network and Internet
  2. You will see the Network status from there and click the Data usage
Network status
  1. Inside Data usage settings, select the connection and click Enter limit
  2. Enter any limit you want and click the Save button. I will set the limit to 1MB here
Set data limit

As soon as it hit the data limit you will see a notification that tells the data limit is reached. After that, automatic updates will be turned off.

What if Set as Meterd connection is greyd out?

Set as metered connection is greyed out

Sometimes you will see the setting is greyed out. Microsoft has an article about it (You can read it from here to know why this happens) but it can happen if you have already set up a metered connection and have set a data limit. If that is not the case, there is an easy way to fix that. Here is how;

  1. Go to the connections
  2. Right-click on the connection you use
  3. Click forget and connect back (Unplug and plug back the cable is you are using an Ethernet connection)
Forget network
  1. Repeat the above steps

Now you will see the option is available to use. 😀

02 – Use Windows update blocker tool

This is a third-party tool that will do the job in just by few clicks! Here is how to use it.

  1. First download the update blocker from here.
  2. Since it is a third party software, scan it before use.
  3. Now extract the tool and run it. (If your system is 64bit, then run 64bit exe version)
Windows update blocker files
  1. Check the Disable updates option and click Apply now button.
Windows update blocker window
  1. That’s it! If you wanna enable auto updates open the tool again and check the Enable updates option and click Apply Now button.

03 – Turn off automatic updates using Group Policy Editor

You can use the Windows group policy editor to disable auto-updates on Windows 10. Follow these steps below:

Note: Group policy editor might not be in Windows 10 Home edition

  1. Press Windows key + R to open the Run dialog box
Keyboard shortcut
  1. Type gpedit.msc and press the Enter button. It will brings up the group policy editor
gpedit.msc in Run dialog box
  1. From there go to;

Computer Configuration > Administrative Templates > Windows Components > Windows Update

Local group policy editor
  1. Locate and double click on Configure Automatic Updates from the right panel
Local group policy editor - updates policy
  1. Once opened, check the Disabled from the left side. Then click Apply and Ok
Configure automatic updates

04 – Disable Windows update service

Windows update service is what governors Windows update system. Disabling it will stop/disable automatic updates downloading to your computer. Let’s see how to disable that;

  1. In Windows search, type “Services” and Open services app
Windows search - services
  1. Scroll down and find “Windows update” service
Services - Windows update
  1. Right-click on it and click Properties
Windows update service - properties
  1. From drop-down menu, select Disabled
  2. Click Apply and Ok button
Disable update service
  1. Restart your PC

That is it. Which method worked for you? If you have any issues regarding this guide, leave a comment below so I can help.

You are trying to load a webpage but the web browser gives you “inet_e_resource_not_found”. Well, then this guide is for you!

A lot of users like you have reported that when they try to visit a website or page, they get this error. Especially in Microsoft Edge browser and Chrome browser (Other also but these 2 are the most common). This typically looks like this;

inet_e_resource_not_found error

Hmm… cannot reach this page. Make sure that you’ve got the right address. Details: There was a temporary DNS error. Error Code: INET_E_RESOURCE_NOT_FOUND

This error is pretty much related to DNS and thus the browser tells the user (you) to refresh the page to solve this error. However, the worst thing is…it doesn’t work all the time!

So I have made this quick and simple guide to solve this annoying “inet_e_resource_not_found” error. Let’s get started!

What is Inet_e_resource_not_found?

As I said earlier, this error message is related to DNS problems. Therefore, I can list down these as the possible causes for this error;

  • The DNS server is down.
  • There is a temporary erros in DNS server.
  • The connection to the DNS server is timed out.
  • The DNS name does not exist in the server.

Whatever the case, if it is not an issue from the server side. It can be fixed! Just follow the solutions I have given below. Let’s start with solution 01.

How do I fix error code Inet_e_resource_not_found?

Here are the tested solutions for this error!

01 — Restart the Router

Router Image

If there is a problem with your router, then that might be causing the “inet_e_resource_not_found” error.

So the best to do is to restart your router. To do that, you can either turn it off and then turn it on back from the switch or the settings page on the browser.

If you are going to use the browser, then use the IP addresses assigned to your router to access its setting page and give a restart from there.

02 — Change the DNS server

The best solution I found to solve this error is changing the default DNS server settings on your computer.

Most of the time, your DNS server settings are set to default (not assigned) to get the DNS server from your internet service provider (ISP). But it can be changed/misconfigured by a 3rd party software or by yourself (accidentally)

So what you need to do is that changing the DNS settings to What I have given here. Here is how to do that;

  1. Head over to search and type “network status” in there.
  2. From the search resaults, click the “Network status“.
Network Status from Search Results
  1. From the window you opened, scroll down and click the “Change adapter options“.
Change adapter options
  1. Now from the adapter options, Right click on the adapter you are using now and click on “Properties“.
Adapter properties
  1. Then the property window of the adapter will be opened, click the “Internet protoc version 4 (TCP/IPv4)” and then click the “Properties” button again.
  2. Check the box “Use the following DNS addresses:” and copy these addresses in to it.

In the preferred DNS address box

8.8.8.8

In the Alternate DNS address box

8.8.4.4
Changing DNS addresses
  1. Now click the “OK” button to save these settings. Then restart the connection/pc and check whether the problem is solved

03 — Rename the Connections folder in Windows Registry

If the “inet_e_resource_not_found” occurs after an update, then this method will work 100% for you. (Try this even you have not updated your Windows 10 version). You need to have logged in as an administrator to do this.

Here is what you need to do;

  1. Open Registry Editer (Press Windows Key + R to open the Run dialog box, type “regedit” press the Enter button)
run dialog box regedit
  1. Copy this path to the address bar in the Registry Editor and press the Enter button for easy navigation.
Computer\HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Connections

Note: If that trick doesn’t work, you can navigate to the folder “Connections” by following the path (hopefully you won’t be needed to)

Registry Editor
  1. Right click on the “connections” folder and rename it with “ConnectionsX” (remove “”)
Folder rename

That’s it. Now try visiting a website to make sure the “inet_e_resource_not_found” is gone.

04 — Disable “TCP Fast Open” in Microsoft Edge

Note that this method is only for users that use Microsoft Edge. And for some users, this option will not be available.

If you don’t know what “TCP Fast Open” is, it is a feature available in Microsoft Edge to establish TCP protocol between two endpoints faster than a normal connection. But this feature can cause DNS errors like the one you encountered.

This feature is enabled as defaults in MS Edge. So you have to disable it and check if the error is gone away. Here is how to do that:

  1. Open up Microsoft Edge.
  2. In the address bar, copy this (or type) and press the enter button.
about:flags
  1. This will open up a hidden Diagnise page and from there you can disable the “TCP Fast Open” feature. Set the option toAlways Off“.
  2. Then restart the browser and check whether the problem presists.

05 — Clear DNS cache

Your Windows computer stores resolved (converted) DNS addresses of the visited webpage in a cache file to speed up visiting those websites again. This cache is very useful to decrease a website’s load time.

However, if the addresses in the cache are invalid or outdated, it will lead to the “inet_e_resource_not_found” error.

Therefore you can resolve this issue by clearing (Flushing) the DNS cache on your computer. Just follow these steps to do so:

  1. Open Command prompt as administrator
  2. Type this command and press the Enter button
ipconfig /flushdns
flush DNS command in CMD

Now your computer’s DNS cache will be flushed. You can restart the browser and check whether it is worked.

06 — Reset Network Settings

If the error persists, you can reset the network settings to default to solve this problem, here is how to do that:

  1. Open Command Prompt as Administrator.
  2. Type this command and press the Enter button.
netsh int ip reset
IP reset command in CMD
  1. Now, execute this command also;
netsh winsock reset catalog
Network reset command in CMD
  1. Once done, restart your computer.

07 — Reset Microsoft Edge to default

If none above worked, then the last thing left to do is to reset MS Edge back to its default settings or reinstalling it. This will delete all the previous data and so it will solve the error you are getting.

Warning: Make sure to backup your saved passwords or any other sensitive data before proceeding below.

  1. Open MS Edge.
  2. Go to settings.
Reset option in Search results
  1. Type “Reset” in the search bar.
  2. Click the “Reset” option.
  3. Confirm the Reset.
Confirmation

08 — Re-install Microsoft Edge

Unlike the reset option, re-installing Microsoft Edge will erase all the data and replace it with fresh files. So if the problem was with the Microsoft Edge, the “inet_e_resource_not_found” error will go away.

Since Microsoft Edge is the default web browser that comes with Windows 10, it won’t be so easy to uninstall it. So we have to use some other method to remove it from your computer. After that, you can download and install it like normal. Here is how to do that:

How to Uninstall MS Edge

there are many different ways to uninstall MS Edge, I will tell you a method that works for all of us. If this does not work, you can go to this guide to know how to uninstall MS Edge in other ways.

  1. Download and install Iobit Uninstaller from here.
  2. Open the application.
  3. From the list, you can uninstall MS Edge.

Feel free to refer to the above article if you have trouble uninstalling Edge.

How to re-install MS Edge

Installing MS Edge is easy!

  1. Go to Microsoft’s download page from here
  2. Download MS Edge
  3. Install

Now I think you have got the problem “inet_e_resource_not_found” resolved! Which method worked for you? Don’t forget to leave a comment!

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You open the Snipping Tool app, but it gives you the “Snipping Tool is not working” error. Like this (not only this one):

Snipping Tool is not working error

I made this guide just for people like you who are having troubles working with the Snipping Tool.

There can be one or several reasons why the Snipping tool is not working. These are:

  • Software conflicts
  • Damaged system files
  • Damaged Snipping tool shortcut
  • Registry errors
  • Display driver issuses (very rare), etc.

Whatever causes this issue, surely, it can be fixed! Let’s get started.

How to Fix “Snipping Tool is not working” (Any Windows OS)

Here are the solutions that you are looking for! Don’t rush and carefully follow each step listed below.

01 — Relaunch the Snipping Tool

Did you try relaunching the Snipping Tool? If not, just go ahead and open the Snipping Tool. If it is a temporary error, then it will work fine now.

02 — Terminate Conflicting Software/Services

If there is any conflicting software/service that exists on your computer, then there is a possibility that it causes the “Snipping Tool not working error”.

In this case, of course you have to find it, stop it or remove it totally. The question now is how.

To answer that, here is what you need to do:

  1. Press Windows key + R to open the Run dialog box;
  2. Type msconfig and click the OK button

It will take you to the system configuration settings. Now,

Run dialog box - msconfig
  1. Go to services tab;
  2. Check the box “Hide all Microsoft services“;
  3. Check for running services and disable services that are created by newly installed software (don’t disable any security software); and
  4. Restart your computer
System configuration

At this point, your problem should be solved. Try relaunching the Snipping Tool to check.

03 — Fix the Snipping Tool Shortcut

You can give the Snipping Tool a shortcut to launch but if that is misconfigured, then it definitely cause the “Snipping Tool not working” issue. Therefore,

  1. Search for Snipping Tool, right click on the icon and select “open file location“;
  2. It will take you to the Snipping Tool shortcut. From there, right click on the snipping tool shortcut and go to Properties;
  3. Go to the “Shortcut” tab;
  4. Make sure the “target” is set to “%windir%\system32\SnippingTool.exe (if not, just copy this to the target field);
  5. In the “Shortcut key” field, give a shortcut that is not specified before; and
  6. Click the Apply button and then OK
Snipping tool properties

Now, restart the Snipping Tool and check if the problem is fixed.

04 — Use the Replacement to the Snipping Tool – Snip & Sketch

Microsoft has already released a replacement to the old Snipping Tool. So, if you are a Windows 10 user, it should be installed on your computer by default already.

Search for “Snip & Sketch”. It will immediately show you the app if it is installed on your computer. If it doesn’t, don’t worry because you can just download it directly from the Microsoft Store. Here is how:

For Windows 10

Get snip & sketch

This time, you will be redirected to Microsoft Store; from there you can download and install the Snip & Sketch App (if a small pop up windows opened and ask you to open Microsoft Store, simply click the open button).

For Windows 8.1, 8, or 7

The abovementioned tool is not available for these Operating Systems. But, there are more feature rich tools out there. Check the bottom portion of this article!

05 — Fix Corrupted System Files Using CMD

Corrupted system files can be a huge pain because it can cause many issues on your computer.

But luckily, it can be fixed! Here is how:

  1. Open CMD as administrator
Open CMD as administrator
  1. Copy the following command to the CMD and press the ENTER button
sfc /scannow
CMD - scannow

Now, the CMD will perform a scan and will fix the corrupted system files for you. When it is complete, restart your computer and relaunch the Snipping Tool.

06 — Windows Registry Fix

You can restore the Snipping Tool to default using Windows registry (note: any updates on Snipping Tool will be removed).

Here is how to do that:

  1. Open the Notepad and copy this code inside it
Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOTAppID{7F429620-16D1-471E-A81A-114992148034}]

@=”wisptis”

“RunAs”=”Interactive User”


“LaunchPermission”=hex:01,00,14,80,64,00,00,00,74,00,00,00,14,00,00,00,30,00,

00,00,02,00,1c,00,01,00,00,00,11,00,14,00,04,00,00,00,01,01,00,00,00,00,00,

10,00,10,00,00,02,00,34,00,02,00,00,00,00,00,18,00,1f,00,00,00,01,02,00,00,

00,00,00,05,20,00,00,00,20,02,00,00,00,00,14,00,0b,00,00,00,01,01,00,00,00,

00,00,01,00,00,00,00,01,02,00,00,00,00,00,05,20,00,00,00,20,02,00,00,01,02,

00,00,00,00,00,05,20,00,00,00,20,02,00,00
  1. Save the Notepad file as “snippingtool.reg (don’t forget to put .reg as the file extension)
Notepad—save as
  1. Once saved (you can save it in any location you like), open the file

That’s it. Now, the settings will merge with the registry editor and then you have to restart your computer.

After restart, try launching the Snipping Tool again.

07 — Update Display Driver

This may sound unreal but unsupported display drivers can be a reason for the “Snipping Tool is not working” error. Therefore, it is better to update your graphics drivers to the latest version always!

To update display drivers, there are a lot of options. We have written a well explained guide to update your computer/laptop display driver quickly so check it out!

Quick Way To Update Graphics Driver in Windows 10

Free Alternatives to Snipping Tool

Free alternative to snipping tool

If nothing from the abovementioned steps worked to solve the “Snipping Tool is not working” issue, there are still a few things that you can do like uninstalling updates, reinstalling Windows etc. But, is it worth spending a lot of time to fix the Snipping Tool error when you have better alternatives?

Here are some of the free alternative screen capture and annotate software to replace the Snipping Tool:

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The Run Dialog box in Windows 10

Windows is the most popular Operating System among other Operating Systems in the world right now. There is this one feature that Windows keep in their Operating System since the time they have started and it is the Run Dialog Box.

There is no doubt that you have seen this Run Dialog Box so many times and it may have helped you a lot when it comes to troubleshooting Windows errors, bugs, etc. But, did you know the actual use of Run Dialog Box? Let’s find that out!

Uses of the Run Dialog Box

It is simple. The Run Dialog Box is used to open programs, Windows applications, files, and even web pages that are known.

One of the most important uses of the Run Dialog Box is that it is used to open these programs in Windows:

  • Command prompt
  • System configuration settings
  • Registry editor
  • Directx diagnostic tool
  • Temporary folder

You can find more uses below. Keep scrolling!

How to Open the Run Dialog Box

There are a few ways to open the Run Dialog Box.

1 — Keyboard shortcut

When not inside a Window, Press “Windows key + R” to open the Run dialog box

Keyboard shortcut

2 – From Windows search

In the Windows search bar, type “Run“. It will make the Run Dialog Box pop out.

Windows search

Useful Run Commands

Here, I have brought the most used Run commands that may be useful to you. Feel free to mark this page.

CommandUseWhat can do
cmdRun the Command promptExecute command lines
controlOpen control panelChange Windows settings
msconfigopen System Configuration1. Startup selection
2. Boot options
3. Enable/disable services
4. Open useful tools
sysdm.cplAccess Windows system properties1. Change Windows performance
2. Change virtual memory
3. Other system tweaks
resmonopen Windows resource monitorMonitor Computer resources
(CPU/RAM/GPU, etc)
msinfo32Open system informationView system information
regeditAccess Windows registry editor1. Change registry records
2. Add registry records
3. Delete registry records
powercfg.cplOpen Windows power options1. Change power settings
2. Increase/decrease performance
%temp%Open Windows temporary folderDelete unnecessary temporary files and
optimize windows
dxdiagOpen DirectX diagnostic tool1. View System information
2. Diagnose sounds, Display and inputs
mrtRun Windows Malicious Software Removal ToolScan & Remove malicious apps
devmgmt.mscOpen Device manager1. View computer devices
2. Enable/disable devices
3. Update devices
etc.
services.mscAccess Windows services1. Enable/disable services
2. Set/remove services from startup
A handy table of Run Commands & their uses

Brief History of Run Dialog Box

Run command in Gnome
Image from Wikipedia

The Run Dialog Box. or also known as “Windows Run”, “Run Command” was officially released with Windows 95. Till then, the uses and its interface has changed over the years and now it has become an essential feature of Windows Operating Systems.

Although it is called Window Run, the “Run command” is not something very unique to the Windows Operating Systems. It is also a feature in Unix-based Operating Systems.

More information – Wikipedia

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This is a complete and easy guide to fix the “Discord Update Failed” Loop in 2021.

Whether you have a Windows or a Mac computer, you will be able to fix this error loop just by following this guide. Keep reading!

Symptoms of Discord Update (Failed) Loop

The most reported symptom is that the Discord desktop client starts updating while starting the app and it gets stuck after a while. And the worst thing is, it doesn’t allow the user (you) to work on Discord without finishing the update. In return for a longer update process, this is what you will see:

Discord update failed loop
Update loop

Why Discord Update Fails and Gets Stuck in a Loop?

This is just to make sure that you will not encounter such annoying errors in the future. Based on our findings, here are the causes that keep “Discord update failed” and stuck in a loop:

  • Firewall (built in or third party) prevents discord reaching their servers to download updates
  • Invalid Update file
  • Discord cache
  • Discord Server Errors (you have nothing to do about this)
  • Poor internet connection or VPN conflict

Now, it is time to fix the Discord update failed loop. Let’s get started!

How to Fix Discord Update Failed/Stuck in Update Loop (Windows/Mac)

Every solution listed here will be updated regularly for better results! Don’t rush, try the solutions one by one to get the issue fixed and to work on Discord the same as before.

01 — Check Discord Server Status

Sometimes, the problem is not on your computer or the connection. It can be the not-functioning Discord servers that eventually cause the update failed loop. In this instance, it is better to check the server status before proceeding to further solutions.

Here is how to check Discord server status (check whether they are down!):

Discord server status

If you happen to see something like this (marked on the image), then you have to wait sometime till they fix the issues on their servers. (Tip: Keep checking server status every after 30 minutes.)

02 — Check your Internet Connection (Or VPN/Proxy)

VPN diagram

You might want to ignore this, but poor internet connection or incompatible VPN configurations or Proxy might be the cause of your Discord issue.

Checking the internet connection is the first thing you should do (head over to Ookla and test the speeds). If you got bad results, then try fixing your connection.

Then, if you are using a VPN, try disabling it and run the Discord again. If you got your problem solved, then the VPN is the bad guy here.

Discord uses UDP protocol; therefore, make sure you have set the VPN configurations to UDP (ask your VPN provider) then it should work fine.

04 — Disable Windows/Third Party Firewall (Temporary)

If Discord is blocked by a firewall, then it won’t update. What you need to do is to temporarily disable any firewall that is activated on your computer.

If you are using a third-party firewall, then you may have to look at how to disable that firewall temporarily (sorry but there are a lot of third parties so I cannot tell you the exact way to do that).

But, if you are using the inbuilt Windows firewall, then here is what you need to do:

For Windows 10

  • Open Windows Security (also known as Windows defender)
  • Go to Firewall and Network Protection
  • Turn off “Domain network“, “Private network” and “Public network firewalls
Windows security firewall
This is how it should look in Windows security settings

Please note that you must turn them on again after updating Discord to protect your computer from malware.

For Windows 7, 8, or 8.1

  • Open Control Panel, go to System and Security
  • Go to Windows Firewall
  • Turn off Firewall

This is how it should look after you turn off Firewall

Windows 8 firewall

Please note that you must turn them on again after updating Discord to protect your computer from malware.

05 — Rename the Discord Update file (Windows)

Discord uses an executable update file to keep Discord updated so renaming this file will prevent Discord from updating the client. This is a good option you can do to get around the update failed loop.

But, this will prevent Discord from updating. Meaning, you will not be able to get bug fixes, latest features, etc. Therefore, consider updating Discord manually or try another solution if you don’t like this trick.

How to rename Discord update file:

  • Open file explorer
  • Copy this path in navigation bar
  • Rename the “username with your Windows user folder name and press Enter button
C:\Users\username\AppData\Local\Discord
Discord update file location

Once you press the Enter button, it will take you to the update file location of Discord. Now, rename the file with a different name (if you get any error, terminate any discord processes from the taskbar and try again).

Rename Discord update file

06 — Clear Discord Cache (Windows/Mac)

Both Windows and Mac users have reported that clearing the Discord cache helped them to solve the update loop issue. It is worth trying!

Discord keeps cache (temporary files) stored in computers to work well without stressing computer resources. But sometimes it can get corrupted end up creating annoying issues like this update loop you now experience.

You can clear Discord’s cache by deleting the app data folder (Windows)/ Application support folder. Here is how to do that:

Clear Discord cache in Windows (10/8.1/8/7):

  • Press Windows key + R to open Run dialog box
  • copy this path to the dialog box and click the OK button
%appdata%\Discord
Run dialog box
  • In the Discord folder, Select “cache“, “Code cache” and “GPU cache
  • Press Shift + Delete buttons to delete them permanently
Delete Discord cache windows

Clear Discord cache in Mac:

  • Open the finder app, Select Go > Go to folder (Or press Command + Shift + G)
  • In the Go to the Folder box, copy the following path and click the Go button
~/Library/Application Support/discord
Mac finder go to folder
  • Select the “Cache“, “Code cache” and “Gpu cache” (Use the command Key)
  • Press Option + Command (⌘) + Delete
Confirm delete immediately Mac

OR

  • Move them to trash and Empty the trash

07 — Uninstall & Reinstall Discord (Windows/Mac)

If none of the abovementioned things worked, the last option you have left is to uninstall and reinstall Discord to fix the update failed loop. Follow these:

How to Reinstall Discord on Windows (10/8.1/8/)

  • Go to settings, then “Apps
  • A list of Applications installed on your computer will be loaded, select Discord from there
  • Click the “Uninstall” button
Uninstall Discord Windows

After…

How to Reinstall Discord on Mac

  • Open the Finder app and select “Application
  • From the Applications, find Discord and Right click on it, then select “Move to Bin
  • Right click on the Trash and select “Empty Trash” (Or “Empty Bin“)
Delete Discord Mac

Then…

That is it. I think now your problem on the Discord update failed loop is solved. Which solution worked for you? A comment would be appreciated.

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This is a complete and easy guide to solve the annoying “IRQL NOT LESS OR EQUAL” BSOD (Blue screen of death) in Windows 10. (This is also applicable for “Driver IRQL NOT LESS OR EQUAL” error.)

IRQL NOT LESS OR EQUAL Error
IRQL Error

What triggers “IRQL_NOT_LESS_OR_EQUAL” error?

Before solving this type of error, you should know first the root cause of this so you can prevent this from happening again.

“IRQL_NOT_LESS_OR_EQUAL” is usually triggered when a system process or a driver attempts to access a memory address without proper access rights.

That means either a system process or a driver causes the IRQL BSOD error. Usually, these are:

  • Corrupted system files
  • Incompatible device drivers
  • Faulty hardware items
  • Incorrect software installations

You don’t need to be worried at all. This error is so common and it can be fixed. Just continue reading!

How to fix “IRQL NOT LESS OR EQUAL” error on Windows 10

Here are the solutions to fix the “IRQL NOT LESS OR EQUAL” error:

  • Check USB device connections
  • Fix the Windows file system
  • Fix Disk errors
  • Disable Disk caching
  • Re-installing IRST drivers
  • Updating network drivers

Solution 01 — Check USB Devices

usb port

Faulty USB devices and USB connection issues can cause the IRQL BSOD error; therefore, I suggest you remove all USB devices and plug only the necessary devices (keyboard and mouse) back to see if the error still appears.

If nothing happened, then it might be one of the USB devices that causes the blue screen error. (You can plug the rest one-by-one to find out which one is faulty.)

Solution 02 — Scan & fix Windows 10 system files

As I mentioned earlier, the corrupted system files are one of the biggest reasons for the IRQL blue screen error so here is how to check your computer’s file system and how to fix it.

  1. Use Windows search to open command prompt as Administrator (Right click -> select Run as Administrator)
  2. Type this command and press ENTER
sfc /scannow
CMD - scan system files

This might take a few minutes depending on the resources of your computer and the file system so sit there and wait until it gets completed.

After that, restart your computer and see if the problem still exists.

Solution 03 — Fix Disk issues

Like system files, hard drive disks (C/D/E, etc.) with issues can also trigger the IRQL blue screen error. Do this to scan them and to fix them if there happens to be something wrong:

  1. Open Command prompt as Administrator
  2. Type the below command and press the ENTER button
CHKDSK /F /R C:
CMD - Check disk

After that, it will check for any disk errors and fix them automatically. Once finished, you can restart your computer.

Solution 04 — Disable disk caching

Enabling caching in Windows 10 improves PC performance; however, sometimes it leads to some blue screen errors like the “IRQL NOT LESS OR EQUAL”.

Windows 10 comes with Write caching enabled by default. This only means that you have to disable it manually. If you’re wondering about that, here is how:

  1. Use Windows search and type “device manager
  2. From the results, click on ‘Device manager
  3. From the list of devices, expand ‘Disk drives
  4. Select the disk where Windows 10 is installed
  5. Right click on it and select ‘Properties

In the properties window, go to the ‘policies‘ tab then uncheck the box ‘Enable write caching on this device’.

Disk properties

Now, do the same for the other disk drives as well. After doing so, restart your computer.

Solution 05 — Reinstall IRST drivers (Not for AMD users)

IRST (also known as Intel Rapid Storage Technology) is a driver that enhances the device’s storage performance and protection (read more). Also, it helps to prevent a lot of errors like this.

So if you haven’t installed IRST drivers yet or the IRST driver installed on your computer is outdated, then it is time for you to install the latest IRST driver! To do that:

  1. First, head over to your motherboard/laptop manufacturer’s website;
  2. Select your model, then go to downloads page;
  3. Download and install IRST on your computer; and
  4. Restart your computer

Since it is difficult to give a specified guide to your computer/laptop, I included some links here so you can just go directly to the manufacturer’s website and download the IRST driver.

Desktop users (most popular)Laptop users (most popular)
AsusAsus
GigabyteAcer
MSIHP
AsrockDell
IntelLenovo
MSI
(Please report us for broken links)

Solution 07 — Update network drivers

This is a bit rare but still a possible cause of the “IRQL NOT LESS OR EQUAL” blue screen error in Windows 10. To avoid this from happening, it is better to update network drivers and check whether the problem exists or not.

  • Use the above table to go to the driver download page for your PC/laptop
  • Give your motherboard/laptop model and download network drivers
  • Install it and restart your computer

Solution 08 — Boot into Safe mode and check for faulty RAM

Faulty RAM is one of the most common causes that triggers the “IRQL NOT LESS OR EQUAL” error. To address this concern, check if the RAM installed on your computer is working fine.

To do that, you have to boot into safe mode first. Here is how:

  • Go to settings
  • Then go to ‘Update and Recovery
  • From the left menu, select ‘Recovery
  • In recovery, click on “Restart now” under “Advanced Startup
Advanced Startup

After, Windows 10 will restart to advanced startup options.

Once Windows restarts, you will see three options there. From them, click on troubleshoot, then advanced options.

Troubleshoot

Another list of options will show up; click the Startup Settings, and Restart.

Startup settings

Then, Windows 10 will boot into safe mode.

Now, do the following:

  • Use windows search and type ‘Windows memory’
  • From the results open ‘Windows memory diagnostic’
  • Click ‘Restart now and check for problems
Windows memory diagnostic

Your computer will restart again and Windows memory diagnostic will start checking errors in memory elements (RAM). This might take a long time so do it when you have time to check for the errors that could appear after the scan.

Once finished, your computer will restart again and if Windows memory diagnostic found any error, then you might need to consider to change the RAM and check if the problem is solved.

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